Heidelberg Catechism – Lord’s Day 34

Question 92: What is God’s law?

God spoke all these words:

THE FIRST COMMANDMENT
“I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me.”

THE SECOND COMMANDMENT
“You shall not make for yourself a carved image—any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.”

THE THIRD COMMANDMENT
“You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.”

THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT
“Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.”

THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT
“Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you.”

THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT
“You shall not murder.”

THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT
“You shall not commit adultery.”

THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT
“You shall not steal.”

THE NINTH COMMANDMENT
“You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.”

THE TENTH COMMANDMENT
“You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.” (1)

1 – Ex. 20:1-17; Deut. 5:6-21

***

Question 93: How are these commandments divided?

Into two tables. The first has four commandments, teaching us how we ought to live in relation to God. The second has six commandments, teaching us what we owe our neighbor (1).

1 – Matt. 22:37-39

***

Question 94: What does the Lord require in the first commandment?

That I, not wanting to endanger my own salvation, avoid and shun all idolatry (1), sorcery, superstitious rites (2), and prayer to saints or to other creatures (3).

That I rightly know the only true God (4), trust Him alone (5), and look to God for every good thing (6) humbly (7) and patiently (8), and love (9), fear (10), and honor (11) God with all my heart.

In short, that I give up anything rather than go against God’s will in any way (12).

1 – 1 Cor. 6:9-10; 10:5-14; 1 John 5:21
2 – Lev. 19:31; Deut. 18:9-12
3 – Matt. 4:10; Rev. 19:10; 22:8-9
4 – John 17:3
5 – Jer. 17:5, 7
6 – Ps. 104:27-28; James 1:17
7 – 1 Pet. 5:5-6
8 – Col. 1:11; Heb. 10:36
9 – Matt. 22:37 (Deut. 6:5)
10 – Prov. 9:10; 1 Pet. 1:17
11 – Matt. 4:10 (Deut. 6:13)
12 – Matt. 5:29-30; 10:37-39

***

Question 95: What is idolatry?

Idolatry is having or inventing something in which one trusts in place of or alongside of the only true God, who has revealed Himself in the Word (1).

1 – 1 Chron. 16:26; Gal. 4:8-9; Eph. 5:5; Phil. 3:19

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